For decades, pollution and its harmful effects on people’s health, the environment, and the planet have been neglected both by Governments and the international development agenda. Yet, pollution is the largest environmental cause of disease and death in the world today, responsible for an estimated 9 million premature deaths.
The Lancet Commission on pollution and health addresses the full health and economic costs of air, water, and soil pollution. Through analyses of existing and emerging data, the Commission reveals pollution’s severe and underreported contribution to the Global Burden of Disease. It uncovers the economic costs of pollution to low-income and middle-income countries.
Modern pollution – pollution attributable to industrialization and urbanization – is responsible for nearly 6 million deaths per year, more than all the deaths from HIV, malaria, and tuberculosis combined; yet it receives comparatively little attention in the international development agenda.
Based on reported ODA spending for 2016, the paper’s analysis shows an average investment of $14/death for modern pollution, compared with $1,250/death for malaria, $190/death for tuberculosis, and $165/death for HIV/AIDS.
Pollution prevention and climate change mitigation: measuring the health benefits of comprehensive interventions
Authors: Philip Landrigan, Richard Fuller, Andy Haines, Nick Watts,
The Lancet Planetary Health, Vol 2, 2018
Author: Philip J. Landrigan , Richard Fuller
Published in the International Journal of Public Health. This was part of the special issue “Driving the Best Science to Meet Global Health Challenges” edited on the occasion of the 9th European Congress on Tropical Medicine and International Health 2015.
Environmental pollution—contamination of air, water and soil by human activity—is the largest cause of disease and death in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 8.9 million persons die each year of diseases caused by pollution, 8.4 million (94 %) of them in poor countries (WHO 2014a, b). By comparison, HIV/AIDS causes 1.5 million deaths per year (WHO2014c), and malaria and tuberculosis cause fewer than 1 million deaths each (WHO 2014d).
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Author: Kevin Chatham-Stephens, Jack Caravanos, Bret Ericson, Jennifer Sunga-Amparo, Budi Susilorini, Promila Sharma, Philip J. Landrigan and Richard Fuller
Burden of Disease from Toxic Waste Sites in India, Indonesia, and the Philippines in 2010.
Author: Jack Caravanos, Kevin Chatham-Stephens, Bret Ericson, Philip Landrigan, Richard Fuller
The burden of disease from pediatric lead exposure at hazardous waste sites in 7 Asian countries.
Author: Bret Ericson, Jack Caravanos, Kevin Chatham-Stephens, Philip Landrigan, Richard Fuller
Approaches to systematic assessment if environmental exposures posed at hazardous waste sites in the developing world: The Toxics Sites Identification Program.